What Is A Plant Nursery, Why Is It Important, And What Are The Many Types?
An establishment that grows, propagates, multiplies, and sells seedlings, saplings, and other planting materials for planting is known as a plant nursery.
Why is a Plant Nursery Important
- In the first few weeks following germination, it is important to pay special attention to the young plants. Nursery beds for young and sensitive seedlings are easier and more cost-effective to manage for in a limited space than the mail planting field.
- The most prevalent way of growing fruit crops is by vegetative propagation. Special expertise and treatment are required prior to transplanting propagules in the main field. All of these duties may be completed successfully in a nursery under controlled conditions by competent staff.
- The mist house chamber in a nursery provides the finest conditions for rooting cuttings and hardening grafts.
- Direct sowing is less successful in various crops when compared to transplanting seedlings produced in nurseries.
- Plantation casualties must be replaced either in the year of planting or the following year. Sowing in the gaps is likely to be unsuccessful due to weed control. They will not be able to keep up with the initial sowing’s plant development. Nurseries are essential because plants or stumps cultivated in them are generally used to replace fatalities. Hardened nursery plants are ideal for causality replacement in orchards.
- Furthermore, when seedlings or saplings are cultivated in a nursery, it allows for extra time for pre-planting operations/preparations.
- The only place where seedlings may be toughened against the weather is in a nursery.
- Some plant species may not produce seeds every year. Plants of these kinds are tough to grow year after year. This difficulty may be remedied by gathering all available seeds from years of good seed production and putting them in a nursery to develop seedlings that can be transplanted in future years.
- Some species’ seedlings develop slowly, and if planted immediately in the main field, they are likely to be swamped by weeds and perish. Slow-growing plants are therefore typically cultivated in nurseries and only placed out when weeds are unlikely to harm the seedlings.
- The most reliable way for artificially regenerating barren and bad farming grounds is to use nursery produced plants.
The Various Types of Plant Nurseries
Plant Nurseries are classified into two broad categories.
A nursery in your own home
Home nurseries are often locations where plants are cultivated and nurtured only to meet the requirements of gardeners.
Establish a commercial nursery
Nurseries are larger and feature a greater choice of plants. The primary concern of these nurseries is financial gain.
Plant nurseries can also be classified according to the length of time they are used.
A Temporary Plant Nursery
Seeds are sown in a protected location in a temporary nursery, and when they germinate, the saplings are transported to the main field. Seed nurseries are another name for these facilities. These nurseries are built in close proximity to the main planting area. This nursery is deconstructed when the planting procedure in the main field is completed.
Because these nurseries are just temporary, they lack permanent infrastructure such as an office, fixed irrigation systems, and fences.
A nursery that is always open
These nurseries are built to last and are designed for large-scale operations. These nurseries are designed to offer long-term supply of seedlings. As a result, many nurseries have permanent buildings such as irrigation systems, fences, offices, packing areas, composting areas, and pot yards, among other things.
Enclosure-based plant nursery types
The nursery is closed.
The nursery beds are produced in a closed enclosure, such as a greenhouse, polyhouse, or shade-net structure, as the name suggests. These buildings feature more regulated conditions that are conducive to seedling development.
Set up a nursery
There are no roof enclosures in open nurseries. Crop seedlings are raised in the open, where they are completely exposed to the elements.
Plant nursery types dependent on irrigation system
Wet nursery A wet nursery is one that has a persistent watering system. Rainfall is not a factor in these nurseries. In these plant nurseries, every variety of plant may be grown.
Nursery that is not wet
Drought-resistant plants are usually grown in dry nurseries. Because they don’t have a permanent watering system, these nurseries rely significantly on rainwater.
Local nurserymen Jim Estill, John Cosby, and John Peters created Calloway’s Nursery, Inc., an independent Texas-based garden shop. Calloway’s has 17 locations in the Dallas/Fort Worth region and two locations in Houston. Texas Certified Nursery Professionals make up more than half of the company’s workforce.
Calloways takes pride in providing Texas Certified Nursery Professionals’ advice to gardeners of all levels, as well as educational store environments such as weekly gardening clinics, displays and instructions to assist gardeners with design and color development in their yards, and a diverse product selection of plant varieties.
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